Liquefied Gas Carrier

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The double hull feature & general arrangement for liquefied gas carriers

All Liquefied Gas Carriers have two hulls, in effect a "double ship" that protects the cargo in a collision or grounding.Gas carriers have a similar overall arrangement to tankers in that their machinery and accommodation are aft and the cargo containment is spread over the rest of the ship to forward where the forecastle is fitted.

Specific gravity of LPG cargoes can vary from 0.58 to 0.97 whilst LNG ships are often designed for a cargo specific gravity of 0.5 so that a characteristic of LNG ships in particular and most LPG ships is their low draft and high freeboards. Water ballast cannot be carried in the cargo tanks so adequate provision is made for it within the double hull spaces, double bottom, bilge tank, and upper wing tank spaces.

LNG carrier moss tanks

Fig:LNG carrier moss tanks

Due to the extra care in designing, maintaining, operating, and inspecting LNG ships, they have an excellent safety record.

The double hull feature of LNG carriers and many LPG ships is a required safety feature and the tanks of LPG ships which do not have this feature are required to be a minimum distance inboard of the shell. Fore end and aft end structure is similar to that for other ships. The cargo section is transversely or longitudinally framed depending primarily on size in the same manner as other cargo ships, the inner hull receiving special consideration where it is required to support the containment system. All gas ships have spaces around the tanks which are monitored for gas leaks and in many ships these spaces are also inerted, an inert gas system being fitted aboard the ship. Liquid gas cargoes are carried under positive pressure at all times so that no air can enter the tanks and create a flammable mixture.

Liquefaction equipment is provided aboard LPG ships, ‘boil off’ vapour from the tanks due to any heat ingress is drawn into the liquefaction plant and returned to the tank. Boil off vapour from LNG ship tanks can be utilized as a boiler fuel in steam ships, otherwise it is vented to atmosphere, although this is not permitted in many ports, and several other solutions have been developed to overcome this problem.

Below is our guideline for various type gas carriers availble

Related Information:

  1. Liquefied gas carrier safety training

  2. Benifits of compressed gas technology

  3. Compressed gas liquid carriers (CGLC)

  4. Development and potential of todays emerging gas technologies

  5. Transporting economically viable compressed gas liquids from remote fields

  6. Increased Cargo Capacity for LNG ships & Advantages of the dual fuel diesel electric propulsion

Type of gas carriers - variation in the design, construction and operation

Transporting liquefied natural gases by LNG ships

External links :

  1. IMO publications

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